CLIENTELISMO Y CONTROL SOCIAL EN UN PROGRAMA MATERNO-INFANTIL DE LA PROVINCIA DE BUENOS AIRES.

Nicolás Santiago Dallorso

Resumo

Clientelism can be conceptualized as that social arrangement that is sustained ina dynamic and interactive relation of dependence between actors of different status thatadopts the characteristic of an exchange of votes or loyalties by goods or favors. Nevertheless,the social actors involved in these relationships often do not recognize them as bondsof domination due to the very existence of the exchange. The perspective of the socialcontrol allows us to realize of the subjective dimension of this process of naturalization. Bysocial control we understand a particular key of interpretation that takes into account theaspects that contribute to the production of what is allowed and what is forbidden, setting upstrategies to naturalize and normalize a given social order, whose contents and senses arenot pre-defined, but are the object of dispute. This article explores the links betweenpractices of informal social control, social policy and emergency of clientelar relations in thecase of the Plan Vida in the province of Buenos Aires. In this respect, the emergence and theinstrumentation of the Plan Vida were a relevant factor in the transformation from a denseclientelism towards a fine clientelism. Besides, this transition is juxtaposed with a greaterpresence of the social brokers in relation to the political brokers in the clientelar practices.

Palavras-chave

clientelismo – control social – programas sociales – mediadores

Texto completo:

PDF