Comunidade de prática na formação e desenvolvimento profissional na educação física: uma metassíntese

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36453/2318-5104.2020.v18.n3.p117

Palavras-chave:

Educação Física, Comunidade de prática, Formação e desenvolvimento profissional.

Resumo


INTRODUÇÃO: A aprendizagem e o desenvolvimento profissional em Educação Física ocorrem em diferentes contextos. Entre eles, as comunidades de prática são consideradas um contexto promissor, pois possibilitam a participação ativa, envolvendo os membros em um ambiente colaborativo onde o aprendizado e o desenvolvimento ocorrem com e através das relações pessoais. OBJETIVO: Desse modo, o objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma metassíntese a respeito dos fatores que influenciam o desenvolvimento e manutenção das comunidades de prática de professores e futuros professores de Educação Física.MÉTODOS: A metassíntese é uma metodologia de revisão sistemática que sintetiza os resultados de estudos qualitativos em categorias. Os resultados dos estudos originais foram analisados e sintetizados a partir da análise de conteúdo. As categorias foram determinadas a priori: engajamento mútuo, empreendimento em conjunto e repertório compartilhado.RESULTADOS: Os resultados dos 16 estudos selecionados nos indicam que as comunidades de prática na formação e no desenvolvimento profissional tem origem a partir das necessidades dos interessados. A negociação quanto ao tema ou conteúdo dos encontros ocorreram tanto no início quanto ao longo dos encontros. A comunidades de prática apresentaram diferentes objetivos: aprender a ensinar Educação Física, aprender a implementar modelos de ensino, elaborar um novo currículo, aprender a aplicar uma determinada abordagem de ensino e aperfeiçoar práticas de ensino. Já a manutenção ocorreu a partir das trocas de experiências profissionais e das relações pessoais informais em diferentes contextos: em redes sociais, no estágio obrigatório do curso de graduação, na disciplina do curso de graduação e encontro de grupos de professores. Vale destacar o papel do facilitador para que o repertório compartilhado fosse criado. CONCLUSÃO: Em suma, as comunidades de prática se apresentam como um excelente contexto de aprendizagem e desenvolvimento profissional, já que as comunidades de prática investigadas parecem ter satisfeito as necessidades dos participantes.ABSTRACT. Community of practice in physical education teacher education and professional development: a metasynthesis.BACKGROUND: Learning and professional development in Physical Education occur in different contexts. Among them, communities of practice are considered to be a promising context as they enable active participation. Engaging members in a collaborative environment where learning and development take place with and through personal relationships.OBJECTIVE: Thus, the aim of this study was to carry out a meta-synthesis about the factors that influence the development and maintenance of communities of practice for teachers and future Physical Education teachers.METHODS: Metasynthesis is a systematic review methodology that synthesizes the results of qualitative studies in categories. The results of the original studies were analyzed and synthesized from the content analysis. The categories were determined a priori: mutual engagement, joint enterprise and shared repertoire.RESULTS: The results of the 16 selected studies indicate that the communities of practice in teacher education and professional development originate from the needs of those interested. Negotiations regarding the theme or content of the meetings took place both at the beginning and throughout the meetings. The communities of practice had different objectives: learn to teach Physical Education, learn to implement teaching models, develop a new curriculum, learn to apply a particular teaching approach and improve teaching practices. Maintenance, on the other hand, occurred based on the exchange of professional experiences and informal personal relationships in different contexts: in social networks, in the mandatory stage of the undergraduate course, in the subject of the undergraduate course and meeting of groups of teachers. It is worth highlighting the role of the facilitator so that the shared repertoire was created.CONCLUSION: In short, communities of practice present themselves as an excellent context for learning and professional development, since the communities of practice investigated seem to have satisfied the needs of the participants.

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Publicado

17-11-2020

Como Citar

RISTOW, L.; BACKES, A. F.; BIANCHESSI, D.; BRASIL, V. Z.; DA ROSA, R. S.; CARDOSO, J.; RAMOS, V. Comunidade de prática na formação e desenvolvimento profissional na educação física: uma metassíntese. Caderno de Educação Física e Esporte, Marechal Cândido Rondon, v. 18, n. 3, p. 117–123, 2020. DOI: 10.36453/2318-5104.2020.v18.n3.p117. Disponível em: https://e-revista.unioeste.br/index.php/cadernoedfisica/article/view/25381. Acesso em: 29 nov. 2021.