Determination of the morphological pattern of pacu’s (Piaractus mesopotamicus) gills

Luiz Fernando de Souza Alves, Taiany Miranda Saravy, Grace Alessandra Araújo Baldo, Andrea Maria de Araújo Gabriel, Fabiana Cavichiolo


In order to carry out pathological evaluations or recognition of changes in the morphology of pacu gills, it is necessary to know a regular morphological pattern, which is the purpose of this study. Twenty animals (Piaractus mesopotamicus) were collected from cultivated environments of the “Grande Dourados” region, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, with an average total length of 35 cm and 750 g. During collection, the animals were anesthetized with benzocaine, euthanized and dissected for macroscopic evaluation of the organs “in situ”. The gills were fixed in Bouin's solution and stained by the usual Hematoxylin/Eosin method and the alcian blue + PAS technique (Schiff periodic acid). Macroscopically it was observed that the gills were bright red, internally located, protected by the opercula, with numerous spaced traces, filaments and secondary lamellae. Under the light microscopy it was possible to identify the gill’s arteries, cartilaginous structure, pillar cells, respiratory epithelium and mucous cells. We conclude that this species has a gill structure very similar to that of other freshwater teleosts, but more studies are necessary to compare this structure in all phases of its life and different times of the year.


histology; gill morphology; teleosts.

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Revista Scientia Agraria Paranaensis

Unioeste - Universidade Estadual do Oeste do Paraná

Campus de Marechal Cândido Rondon

ISSN: 1983-1471 - (versão eletrônica)

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